Of the numerous substances, animal and vegetable, which were known to the ancients as yielding oil, the olive berry is the one of which most frequent mention is made in the Scriptures.
- Gathering , --The olive berry was either gathered by hand or shaken off carefully with a light reed or stick.
- Pressing . --In order to make oil the fruit, was either bruised in a mortar crushed in a press loaded with wood or stones, ground in a mill, or trodden with the feet. The "beaten" oil of (Exodus 27:20; 29:40; Leviticus 24:2; Numbers 28:6) was probably made by bruising in a mortar, It was used-- (1) As food. Dried wheat, boiled with either butter or oil, but generally the former, is a common dish for all classes in Syria. (Exodus 29:2) (2) Cosmetic. Oil was used by the Jews for anointing the body, e.g. after the bath, and giving to the skin and hair a smooth and comely appearance, e.g. before an entertainment. (3) Funereal. The bodies of the dead were anointed with oil. (2 Samuel 14:2) (4) Medicinal. Isaiah alludes to the use of oil in medical treatment. (Isaiah 1:6) see also Mark 6:13; Jame 6:14 (5) For light. The oil for "the light" was expressly ordered to be olive oil, beaten. (Matthew 25:3) (6) Ritual. Oil was poured on or mixed with the flour or meal used in offerings. (Leviticus 8:12) Kings, priests and prophets were anointed with oil or ointment. (7) In offerings. As so important a necessary of life, the Jew was required to include oil among his firstfruit offerings. (Exodus 22:29; 23:16; Numbers 18:12) Tithes of oil were also required. (12:17) [OLIVE]
Was employed from the earliest periods in the east, not only for the purpose of consecration, but to anoint the head, the beard, and the whole person in daily life, Genesis 28:18. See ANOINTING. It was also universally used for food, Ezekiel 16:13. Fresh and sweet olive oil was greatly preferred to butter and animal fat as a seasoning for food, and to this day in Syria almost every kind of food is cooked with oil. It had a place also among the meat-offerings in the temple, being usually mixed with the meal of the oblation, Le 5:11 6:21. For lamps, also, pure olive oil was regarded as the best, and was used in illuminating the tabernacle. These many uses for oil made the culture of the olive-tree an extensive and lucrative business, 1 Chronicles 27:28 Ezekiel 27:17 Hosea 12:1. Oil was as much an article of storage and of traffic as corn and wine, 2 Chronicles 32:28 Ezra 3:7.
The best oil was obtained from the fruit while yet green by a slight beating or pressing, Exodus 27:20 29:40. The ripe fruit is now, and has been from ancient times, crushed by passing stone rollers over it. The crushed mass is then subjected to pressure in the oil-mill, Hebrew, gath-shemen. The olive-berries are not now trodden with the feet. This, however seems to have been practiced among the Hebrews, at least to some extent when the berries had become soft by keeping, Micah 6:15. Gethsemane, that is, oil-press, probably took its name originally from some oil-press in its vicinity. See OLIVE. OIL
oil (shemen; elaion):
2. Production and Storage
(1) As a Commodity of Exchange
(2) As a Cosmetic
(3) As a Medicine
(4) As a Food
(5) As an Illuminant
(6) In Religious Rites
4. Figurative Uses
Shemen, literally, "fat," corresponds to the common Arabic senin of similar meaning, although now applied to boiled butter fat.
Another Hebrew word, zayith (zeth), "olive," occurs with shemen in several passages (Exodus 27:20; Exodus 30:24 Leviticus 24:2). The corresponding Arabic zeit, a contraction of zeitun, which is the name for the olive tree as well as the fruit, is now applied to oils in general, to distinguish them from solid fats. Zeit usually means olive oil, unless some qualifying name indicates another oil. A corresponding use was made of shemen, and the oil referred to so many times in the Bible was olive oil (except Esther 2:12). Compare this with the Greek elaion, "oil," a neuter noun from elaia, "olive," the origin of the English word "oil." yitshar, literally, "glistening," which occurs less frequently, is used possibly because of the light-giving quality of olive oil, or it may have been used to indicate fresh oil, as the clean, newly pressed oil is bright. meshach, a Chaldaic word, occurs twice: Ezra 6:9; Ezra 7:22. elaion, is the New Testament term.
2. Production and Storage:
Olive oil has been obtained, from the earliest times, by pressing the fruit in such a way as to filter out the oil and other liquids from the residue. The Scriptural references correspond so nearly to the methods practiced in Syria up to the present time, and the presses uncovered by excavators at such sites as Gezer substantiate so well the similarity of these methods, that a description of the oil presses and modes of expression still being employed in Syria will be equally true of those in use in early Israelite times.
The olives to yield the greatest amount of oil are allowed to ripen, although some oil is expressed from the green fruit. As the olive ripens it turns black. The fruit begins to fall from the trees in September, but the main crop is gathered after the first rains in November. The olives which have not fallen naturally or have not been blown off by the storms are beaten from the trees with long poles (compare Deuteronomy 24:20). The fruit is gathered from the ground into baskets and carried on the heads of the women, or on donkeys to the houses or oil presses. Those carried to the houses are preserved for eating. Those carried to the presses are piled in heaps until fermentation begins. This breaks down the oil cells and causes a more abundant flow of oil. The fruit thus softened may be trod out with the feet (Micah 6:15)-which is now seldom practiced-or crushed in a handmill. Such a mill was uncovered at Gezer beside an oil press. Stone mortars with wooden pestles are also used. Any of these methods crushes the fruit, leaving only the stone unbroken, and yields a purer oil (Exodus 27:20). The method now generally practiced of crushing the fruit and kernels with an edgerunner mill probably dates from Roman times. These mills are of crude construction. The stones are cut from native limestone and are turned by horses or mules. Remains of huge stones of this type are found near the old Roman presses in Mt. Lebanon and other districts.
The second step in the preparation of the oil is the expression. In districts where the olives are plentiful and there is no commercial demand for the oil, the householders crush the fruit in a mortar, mix the crushed mass with water, and after the solid portions have had time to settle, the pure sweet oil is skimmed from the surface of the water. This method gives a delicious oil, but is wasteful. This is no doubt the beaten oil referred to in connection with religious ceremonials (Exodus 27:20). Usually the crushed fruit is spread in portions on mats of reeds or goats' hair, the corners of which are folded over the mass, and the packets thus formed are piled one upon another between upright supports. These supports were formerly two stone columns or the two sections of a split stone cylinder hollowed out within to receive the mats. Large hollow tree trunks are still similarly used in Syria. A flat stone is next placed on top, and then a heavy log is placed on the pile in such a manner that one end can be fitted into a socket made in a wall or rock in close proximity to the pile. This socket becomes the fulcrum of a large lever of the second class. The lever is worked in the same manner as that used in the wine presses (see WINE PRESS). These presses are now being almost wholly superseded by hydraulic presses. The juice which runs from the press, consisting of oil, extractive matter and water, is conducted to vats or run into jars and allowed to stand until the oil separates. The oil is then drawn off from the surface, or the watery fluid and sediment is drawn away through a hole near the bottom of the jar, leaving the oil in the container. (For the construction of the ancient oil presses, see The Excavations of Gezer, by Macalister.) The oil, after standing for some time to allow further sediment to settle, is stored either in huge earthenware jars holding 100 to 200 gallons, or in underground cisterns (compare 1 Chronicles 27:28) holding a much larger quantity. Some of these cisterns in Beirut hold several tons of oil each (2 Chronicles 11:11; 2 Chronicles 32:28 Nehemiah 13:5, 12 Proverbs 21:20). In the homes the oil is kept in small earthen jars of various shapes, usually having spouts by which the oil can be easily poured (1 Kings 17:12 2 Kings 4:2). In 1 Samuel 16:13 1 Kings 1:39, horns of oil are mentioned.
(1) As a Commodity of Exchange.
Olive oil when properly made and stored will keep sweet for years, hence, was a good form of merchandise to hold. Oil is still sometimes given in payment (1 Kings 5:11 Ezekiel 27:17 Hosea 12:1 Luke 16:6 Revelation 18:13).
(2) As a Cosmetic.
From earliest times oil was used as a cosmetic, especially for oiling the limbs and head. Oil used in this way was usually scented (see OINTMENT). Oil is still used in this manner by the Arabs, principally to keep the skin and scalp soft when traveling in dry desert regions where there is no opportunity to bathe. Sesame oil has replaced olive oil to some extent for this purpose. Homer, Pliny and other early writers mention its use for external application. Pliny claimed it was used to protect the body against the cold. Many Biblical references indicate the use of oil as a cosmetic (Exodus 25:6 Deuteronomy 28:40 Ruth 3:3 2 Samuel 12:20; 2 Samuel 14:2 Esther 2:12 Psalm 23:5; Psalm 92:10; Psalm 104:15; 141:5 Ezekiel 16:9 Micah 6:15 Luke 7:46).
(3) As a Medicine.
From early Egyptian literature down to late Arabic medical works, oil is mentioned as a valuable remedy. Many queer prescriptions contain olive oil as one of their ingredients. The good Samaritan used oil mingled with wine to dress the wounds of the man who fell among robbers (Mark 6:13 Luke 10:34.)
(4) As a Food.
Olive oil replaces butter to a large extent in the diet of the people of the Mediterranean countries. In Bible lands food is fried in it, it is added to stews, and is poured over boiled vegetables, such as beans, peas and lentils, and over salads, sour milk, cheese and other foods as a dressing. A cake is prepared from ordinary bread dough which is smeared with oil and sprinkled with herbs before baking (Leviticus 2:4). At times of fasting oriental Christians use only vegetable oils, usually olive oil, for cooking. For Biblical references to the use of oil as food see Numbers 11:8 Deuteronomy 7:13; Deuteronomy 14:23; Deuteronomy 32:13 1 Kings 17:12, 14, 16; 2 Kings 4:2, 6, 7 1 Chronicles 12:40; 2 Chronicles 2:10, 15 Ezra 3:7 Proverbs 21:17 Ezekiel 16:13, 18 Hosea 2:5, 8, 22; Haggai 2:12 Revelation 6:6.
(5) As an Illuminant.
Olive oil until recent years was universally used for lighting purposes (see LAMP). In Palestine are many homes where a most primitive form of lamp similar to those employed by the Israelites is still in use. The prejudice in favor of the exclusive use of olive oil for lighting holy places is disappearing. Formerly any other illuminant was forbidden (compare Exodus 25:6; Exodus 27:20; Exodus 35:8, 14, 28; 39:37 Matthew 25:3, 4, 8).
(6) In Religious Rites.
Consecration of officials or sacred things (Genesis 28:18; Genesis 35:14 Exodus 29:7, 21 Leviticus 2:1 Numbers 4:9 1 Samuel 10:1; 1 Samuel 16:1, 13 2 Samuel 1:21 1 Kings 1:39 2 Kings 9:1, 3, 1 Psalm 89:20): This was adopted by the early Christians in their ceremonies (James 5:14), and is still used in the consecration of crowned rulers and church dignitaries.
Offerings, votive and otherwise: The custom of making offerings of oil to holy places still survives in oriental religions. One may see burning before the shrines along a Syrian roadside or in the churches, small lamps whose supply of oil is kept renewed by pious adherents. In Israelite times oil was used in the meal offering, in the consecration offerings, offerings of purification from leprosy, etc. (Exodus 29:2; Exodus 40:9 Leviticus 2:2 Numbers 4:9 Deuteronomy 18:4 1 Chronicles 9:29 2 Chronicles 31:5 Nehemiah 10:37, 39; Nehemiah 13:5, 12 Ezekiel 16:18, 19; Ezekiel 45; 46 Micah 6:7).
In connection with the burial of the dead: Egyptian papyri mention this use. In the Old Testament no direct mention is made of the custom. Jesus referred to it in connection with His own burial (Matthew 26:12 Mark 14:3-8 Luke 23:56 John 12:3-8; John 19:40).
4. Figurative Uses:
Abundant oil was a figure of general prosperity (Deuteronomy 32:13; Deuteronomy 33:24 2 Kings 18:32 Job 29:6 Joel 2:19, 24). Languishing of the oil indicated general famine (Joel 1:10 Haggai 1:11). Joy is described as the oil of joy (Isaiah 61:3), or the oil of gladness (Psalm 45:7 Hebrews 1:9). Ezekiel prophesies that the rivers shall run like oil, i.e. become viscous (Ezekiel 32:14). Words of deceit are softer than oil (Psalm 55:21 Proverbs 5:3). Cursing becomes a habit with the wicked as readily as oil soaks into bones (Psalm 109:18). Excessive use of oil indicates wastefulness (Proverbs 21:17), while the saving of it is a characteristic of the wise (Proverbs 21:20). Oil was carried into Egypt, i.e. a treaty was made with that country (Hosea 12:1).
James A. Patch
oil tre ('ets shemen (Isaiah 41:19), margin "oleaster," in Nehemiah 8:15, translated "wild olive," the King James Version "pine"; 'atse shemen, in 1 Kings 6:23, 31, 32, translated "olive wood"): The name "oleaster" used to be applied to the wild olive, but now belongs to quite another plant, the silver-berry, Eleagnus hortensis (Natural Order Elaeagnaceae), known in Arabic as Zeizafan. It is a pretty shrub with sweet-smelling white flowers and silver-grey-green leaves. It is difficult to see how all the three references can apply to this tree; it will suit the first two, but this small shrub would never supply wood for carpentry work such as that mentioned in 1 Kings, hence, the translation "olive wood." On the other hand, in the reference in Nehemiah 8:15, olive branches are mentioned just before, so the translation "wild olive" (the difference being too slight) is improbable. Post suggests the translation of 'ets shemen by PINE (which see), which if accepted would suit all the requirements.
E. W. G. Masterman
(shemen hamishchah): This holy oil, the composition of which is described in Exodus 30:22-33, was designed for use in the anointing of the tabernacle, its furniture and vessels, the altar and laver, and the priest, that being thus consecrated, they might be "most holy." It was to be "a holy anointing oil" unto Yahweh throughout all generations (30:31). On its uses, compare Exodus 37:29 Leviticus 8:12; Leviticus 10:7; Leviticus 21:10. The care of this holy oil was subsequently entrusted to Eleazar (Numbers 4:16); in later times it seems to have been prepared by the sons of the priests (1 Chronicles 9:30). There is a figurative allusion to the oil on Aaron's head in Psalm 133:2.
See OIL; ANOINTING.
(Exodus 27:20 Leviticus 24:2 Numbers 28:5).
See OIL; CANDLESTICK, THE GOLDEN.
See OIL (BEATEN).
See OIL; WINE PRESS.
See OIL; ANOINTING.
See OIL; OLIVE TREE.
Only olive oil seems to have been used among the Hebrews. It was used for many purposes: for anointing the body or the hair (Exodus 29:7; 2 Samuel 14:2; Psalm 23:5; 92:10; 104:15; Luke 7:46); in some of the offerings (Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 7:12; Numbers 6:15; 15:4), but was excluded from the sin-offering (Leviticus 5:11) and the jealousy-offering (Numbers 5:15); for burning in lamps (Exodus 25:6; 27:20; Matthew 25:3); for medicinal purposes (Isaiah 1:6; Luke 10:34; James 5:14); and for anointing the dead (Matthew 26:12; Luke 23:56).
It was one of the most valuable products of the country (Deuteronomy 32:13; Ezek. 16:13), and formed an article of extensive commerce with Tyre (27:17).
The use of it was a sign of gladness (Psalm 92:10; Isaiah 61:3), and its omission a token of sorrow (2 Samuel 14:2; Matthew 6:17). It was very abundant in Galilee. (see OLIVE.)
1. (n.) Any one of a great variety of unctuous combustible substances, not miscible with water; as, olive oil, whale oil, rock oil, etc. They are of animal, vegetable, or mineral origin and of varied composition, and they are variously used for food, for solvents, for anointing, lubrication, illumination, etc. By extension, any substance of an oily consistency; as, oil of vitriol.
2. (v. t.) To smear or rub over with oil; to lubricate with oil; to anoint with oil.Oil (281 Occurrences)
Matthew 6:17 But when you go without food, put oil on your head and make your face clean; (BBE NIV)
Matthew 25:3 Those who were foolish, when they took their lamps, took no oil with them, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 25:4 but the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 25:8 The foolish said to the wise,'Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Matthew 25:9 But the wise made answer, saying, There may not be enough for us and you; it would be better for you to go to the traders and get oil for yourselves. (BBE NIV)
Matthew 25:10 And while they went to get oil, the master came; and those who were ready went in with him to the feast: and the door was shut. (BBE NIV)
Mark 6:13 They cast out many demons, and anointed many with oil who were sick, and healed them. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Mark 14:4 But some of them were angry among themselves, saying, For what purpose has this oil been wasted? (BBE)
Mark 14:8 She has done what she was able: she has put oil on my body to make it ready for its last resting-place. (BBE)
Luke 7:46 You didn't anoint my head with oil, but she has anointed my feet with ointment. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 10:34 came to him, and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine. He set him on his own animal, and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Luke 16:6 He said,'A hundred batos of oil.' He said to him,'Take your bill, and sit down quickly and write fifty.' (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
John 11:2 (The Mary whose brother Lazarus was ill, was the Mary who put perfumed oil on the Lord and made his feet dry with her hair.) (ASV)
John 12:3 Then Mary, taking a pound of perfumed oil of great value, put it on the feet of Jesus and made them dry with her hair: and the house became full of the smell of the perfume. (BBE)
Hebrews 1:9 You have loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows." (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
James 5:14 Is any among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the assembly, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord, (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 3:18 If you are wise you will get from me gold tested by fire, so that you may have true wealth; and white robes to put on, so that your shame may not be seen; and oil for your eyes, so that you may see. (BBE)
Revelation 6:6 I heard a voice in the midst of the four living creatures saying, "A choenix of wheat for a denarius, and three choenix of barley for a denarius! Don't damage the oil and the wine!" (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Revelation 18:13 and cinnamon, incense, perfume, frankincense, wine, olive oil, fine flour, wheat, sheep, horses, chariots, and people's bodies and souls. (WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 28:18 Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put under his head, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil on its top. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Genesis 31:13 I am the God of Beth-el, where you put oil on the pillar and took an oath to me: now then, come out of this land and go back to the country of your birth. (BBE)
Genesis 35:14 Jacob set up a pillar in the place where he spoke with him, a pillar of stone. He poured out a drink offering on it, and poured oil on it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 25:6 oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for the sweet incense, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 27:20 "You shall command the children of Israel, that they bring to you pure olive oil beaten for the light, to cause a lamp to burn continually. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 28:41 These you are to put on Aaron, your brother, and on his sons, putting oil on them, separating them and making them holy, to do the work of priests to me. (BBE)
Exodus 29:2 unleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil: you shall make them of fine wheat flour. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 29:7 Then you shall take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head, and anoint him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 29:21 You shall take of the blood that is on the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron, and on his garments, and on his sons, and on the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be made holy, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 29:23 and one loaf of bread, one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of unleavened bread that is before Yahweh. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 29:36 Every day an ox is to be offered as a sin-offering, to take away sins: and by this offering on it, you will make the altar clean from sin; and you are to put oil on it and make it holy. (BBE)
Exodus 29:40 and with the one lamb a tenth part of an ephah of fine flour mixed with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil, and the fourth part of a hin of wine for a drink offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 30:24 and of cassia five hundred, after the shekel of the sanctuary; and a hin of olive oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 30:25 You shall make it a holy anointing oil, a perfume compounded after the art of the perfumer: it shall be a holy anointing oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 30:26 This oil is to be put on the Tent of meeting, and on the ark of the law, (BBE)
Exodus 30:30 And put the oil on Aaron and his sons, making them holy to do the work of priests to me. (BBE)
Exodus 30:31 You shall speak to the children of Israel, saying,'This shall be a holy anointing oil to me throughout your generations. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 30:32 It shall not be poured on man's flesh, neither shall you make any like it, according to its composition: it is holy. It shall be holy to you. (See NIV)
Exodus 31:11 the anointing oil, and the incense of sweet spices for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded you they shall do." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 35:8 oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and for the sweet incense, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 35:14 the lampstand also for the light, with its vessels, its lamps, and the oil for the light; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 35:15 and the altar of incense with its poles, the anointing oil, the sweet incense, the screen for the door, at the door of the tabernacle; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 35:28 and the spice, and the oil for the light, for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 37:29 He made the holy anointing oil and the pure incense of sweet spices, after the art of the perfumer. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 39:37 the pure lampstand, its lamps, even the lamps to be set in order, all its vessels, the oil for the light, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 39:38 the golden altar, the anointing oil, the sweet incense, the screen for the door of the Tent, (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 40:9 "You shall take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle, and all that is in it, and shall make it holy, and all its furniture: and it will be holy. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Exodus 40:10 And put oil on the altar of burned offering, and make it and all its vessels holy; this altar is to be most holy. (BBE)
Exodus 40:11 And put oil on the washing-vessel and its base, and make them holy. (BBE)
Exodus 40:13 You are to put on Aaron the holy robes; and you are to put oil on him, and make him holy, so that he may be my priest. (BBE)
Exodus 40:15 And put oil on them as you did on their father, so that they may be my priests: the putting on of oil will make them priests for ever, from generation to generation. (BBE)
Leviticus 2:1 "'When anyone offers an offering of a meal offering to Yahweh, his offering shall be of fine flour; and he shall pour oil on it, and put frankincense on it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 2:2 He shall bring it to Aaron's sons, the priests; and he shall take his handful of its fine flour, and of its oil, with all its frankincense; and the priest shall burn its memorial on the altar, an offering made by fire, of a pleasant aroma to Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 2:4 "'When you offer an offering of a meal offering baked in the oven, it shall be unleavened cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 2:5 If your offering is a meal offering of the griddle, it shall be of unleavened fine flour, mixed with oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 2:6 You shall cut it in pieces, and pour oil on it. It is a meal offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 2:7 If your offering is a meal offering of the pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 2:15 You shall put oil on it, and lay frankincense on it: it is a meal offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 2:16 The priest shall burn as its memorial, part of its bruised grain, and part of its oil, along with all its frankincense: it is an offering made by fire to Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 5:11 "'But if he can't afford two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he shall bring his offering for that in which he has sinned, the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering. He shall put no oil on it, neither shall he put any frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 6:15 He shall take from there his handful of the fine flour of the meal offering, and of its oil, and all the frankincense which is on the meal offering, and shall burn it on the altar for a pleasant aroma, as its memorial, to Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 6:21 It shall be made with oil in a griddle. When it is soaked, you shall bring it in. You shall offer the meal offering in baked pieces for a pleasant aroma to Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 7:10 Every meal offering, mixed with oil or dry, belongs to all the sons of Aaron, one as well as another. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 7:12 If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer with the sacrifice of thanksgiving unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mixed with oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:2 "Take Aaron and his sons with him, and the garments, and the anointing oil, and the bull of the sin offering, and the two rams, and the basket of unleavened bread; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:10 Moses took the anointing oil, and anointed the tabernacle and all that was in it, and sanctified them. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:11 Seven times he put oil on the altar and on all its vessels, and on the washing-basin and its base, to make them holy. (BBE NIV)
Leviticus 8:12 He poured some of the anointing oil on Aaron's head, and anointed him, to sanctify him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:26 and out of the basket of unleavened bread, that was before Yahweh, he took one unleavened cake, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer, and placed them on the fat, and on the right thigh. (Root in WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 8:30 Moses took some of the anointing oil, and some of the blood which was on the altar, and sprinkled it on Aaron, on his garments, and on his sons, and on his sons' garments with him, and sanctified Aaron, his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 9:4 and a bull and a ram for peace offerings, to sacrifice before Yahweh; and a meal offering mixed with oil: for today Yahweh appears to you.'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 10:7 You shall not go out from the door of the Tent of Meeting, lest you die; for the anointing oil of Yahweh is on you." They did according to the word of Moses. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:10 "On the eighth day he shall take two male lambs without blemish, and one ewe lamb a year old without blemish, and three tenths of an ephah of fine flour for a meal offering, mingled with oil, and one log of oil. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:12 "The priest shall take one of the male lambs, and offer him for a trespass offering, with the log of oil, and wave them for a wave offering before Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:15 The priest shall take some of the log of oil, and pour it into the palm of his own left hand. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:16 The priest shall dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand, and shall sprinkle some of the oil with his finger seven times before Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:17 The priest shall put some of the rest of the oil that is in his hand on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, upon the blood of the trespass offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:18 The rest of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall put on the head of him who is to be cleansed, and the priest shall make atonement for him before Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:21 "If he is poor, and can't afford so much, then he shall take one male lamb for a trespass offering to be waved, to make atonement for him, and one tenth of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil for a meal offering, and a log of oil; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:24 The priest shall take the lamb of the trespass offering, and the log of oil, and the priest shall wave them for a wave offering before Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:26 The priest shall pour some of the oil into the palm of his own left hand; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:27 and the priest shall sprinkle with his right finger some of the oil that is in his left hand seven times before Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:28 Then the priest shall put some of the oil that is in his hand on the tip of the right ear of him who is to be cleansed, and on the thumb of his right hand, and on the big toe of his right foot, on the place of the blood of the trespass offering. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 14:29 The rest of the oil that is in the priest's hand he shall put on the head of him who is to be cleansed, to make atonement for him before Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 16:32 And the man on whose head the holy oil has been put, and who has been marked out to be a priest in his father's place, will do what is necessary to take away sin, and will put on the linen clothing, even the holy robes: (BBE)
Leviticus 21:10 "'He who is the high priest among his brothers, upon whose head the anointing oil is poured, and that is consecrated to put on the garments, shall not let the hair of his head hang loose, nor tear his clothes; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 21:12 neither shall he go out of the sanctuary, nor profane the sanctuary of his God; for the crown of the anointing oil of his God is upon him. I am Yahweh. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 23:13 The meal offering with it shall be two tenth parts of an ephah of fine flour mingled with oil, an offering made by fire to Yahweh for a pleasant aroma; and the drink offering with it shall be of wine, the fourth part of a hin. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Leviticus 24:2 "Command the children of Israel, that they bring to you pure olive oil beaten for the light, to cause a lamp to burn continually. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 3:3 These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the priests, on whom the holy oil was put, who were marked out as priests. (BBE)
Numbers 4:9 "They shall take a blue cloth, and cover the lampstand of the light, and its lamps, and its snuffers, and its snuff dishes, and all its oil vessels, with which they minister to it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 4:16 "The duty of Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest shall be the oil for the light, the sweet incense, the continual meal offering, and the anointing oil, the requirements of all the tabernacle, and of all that is in it, the sanctuary, and its furnishings." (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 5:15 then the man shall bring his wife to the priest, and shall bring her offering for her: the tenth part of an ephah of barley meal. He shall pour no oil on it, nor put frankincense on it, for it is a meal offering of jealousy, a meal offering of memorial, bringing iniquity to memory. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 6:15 and a basket of unleavened bread, cakes of fine flour mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and their meal offering, and their drink offerings. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 7:1 And when Moses had put up the House completely, and had put oil on it and made it holy, with all the things in it, and had made the altar and all its vessels holy with oil; (BBE)
Numbers 7:10 And the chiefs gave an offering for the altar on the day when the holy oil was put on it; they made their offering before the altar. (BBE)
Numbers 7:13 and his offering was: one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 7:19 He offered for his offering: one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 7:25 gave his offering: one silver platter, the weight of which was a hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 7:31 gave his offering: one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Numbers 7:37 gave his offering: one silver platter, the weight of which was one hundred thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; both of them full of fine flour mixed with oil for a meal offering; (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)
Continued...Oil (281 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Only olive oil seems to have been used among
the Hebrews. It was used for many purposes: for anointing ...
biblethesaurus.com/o/oil.htm - 60k
Oil-tree (5 Occurrences)
Oil-tree. << Oiltree, Oil-tree. Ointment >>. Easton's Bible Dictionary (Isaiah ...
appearance.". Multi-Version Concordance Oil-tree (5 Occurrences). ...
biblethesaurus.com/o/oil-tree.htm - 8k
Olive-oil (4 Occurrences)
Olive-oil. << Olive-leaf, Olive-oil. Olive-plants >>. Multi-Version
Concordance Olive-oil (4 Occurrences). Exodus 27:20 And ...
biblethesaurus.com/o/olive-oil.htm - 7k
Oil-cakes (1 Occurrence)
Oil-cakes. << Oil, Oil-cakes. Oiled >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Oil-cakes (1 Occurrence). Numbers 11:8 The people went ...
biblethesaurus.com/o/oil-cakes.htm - 6k
Oil-giving (2 Occurrences)
Oil-giving. << Oiled, Oil-giving. Oilmaking >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Oil-giving (2 Occurrences). Deuteronomy 8:8 A land ...
biblethesaurus.com/o/oil-giving.htm - 7k
Anointing-oil (1 Occurrence)
Anointing-oil. << Anointing, Anointing-oil. Anointing-portion >>.
Multi-Version Concordance Anointing-oil (1 Occurrence). ...
biblethesaurus.com/a/anointing-oil.htm - 6k
Oil-making. << Oilmaking, Oil-making. Oils >>. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia
OIL-MAKING. See CRAFTS, II, 11. << Oilmaking, Oil-making. Oils >>. ...
biblethesaurus.com/o/oil-making.htm - 6k
Deals (34 Occurrences)
... lambs without blemish, and one ewe lamb of the first year without blemish, and three
tenth deals of fine flour for a meat offering, mingled with oil, and one ...
biblethesaurus.com/d/deals.htm - 16k
Drugs (8 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Drugs (8 Occurrences). Exodus 25:6 oil for the light;
spices for the anointing oil, and for the incense of fragrant drugs; (DBY). ...
biblethesaurus.com/d/drugs.htm - 8k
Charger (17 Occurrences)
... hundred and thirty shekels, one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel
of the sanctuary; both of them were full of fine flour mingled with oil for a ...
biblethesaurus.com/c/charger.htm - 14k
1637. elaion -- olive oil
... olive oil. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: elaion Phonetic Spelling:
(el'-ah-yon) Short Definition: olive oil Definition: olive oil, oil. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1637.htm - 7k
1472. egchrio -- to rub in (oil)
... to rub in (oil). Part of Speech: Verb Transliteration: egchrio Phonetic Spelling:
(eng-khree'-o) Short Definition: I rub in, anoint Definition: I rub in, anoint ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1472.htm - 6k
218. aleipho -- anoint.
... 218 -- properly, to rub or smear olive oil on the body. 218 () is the ordinary
term used for anointing the body with (olive) oil. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/218.htm - 7k
3464. muron -- ointment
... ointment. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: muron Phonetic Spelling:
(moo'-ron) Short Definition: anointing-oil, ointment Definition: anointing-oil ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3464.htm - 7k
5548. chrio -- to anoint
... Anointing (literally) involved rubbing olive oil on the head, etc., especially to
present someone as (appointed by God) to serve as prophet, priest or king, etc ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5548.htm - 7k
5545. chrisma -- an anointing, unction
... Cognate: 5545 (from 5548 , "anoint with oil") -- , referring to the ministry of
the , guiding the receptive believer into fullness of God's preferred-will (see ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5545.htm - 7k
4641. sklerokardia -- hardness of heart
... hard because dry" and 2588 , "heart") -- properly, of heart because of a lack of
moisture (lubricant); an obstinate, hard heart which lacks the oil of the Holy ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4641.htm - 7k
2985. lampas -- a torch
... lamp, lantern. 2985 -- a hand-held "torch" (sometimes merely a clay vessel);
a that uses a wick saturated with oil. Word Origin ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2985.htm - 6k
4646. skolios -- curved, winding, hence crooked
... from a primitive root, dictionary) -- properly, crooked (bent) because (like a piece
of wood); (figuratively) morally (warped) because lacking the oil of the ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4646.htm - 7k
5547. Christos -- the Anointed One, Messiah, Christ 3323. yitshar -- fresh oil
... Messiah, the Christ. 5547 (from 5548 , " with olive oil") -- properly, "
anointed one," the (Hebrew, ""). Word Origin from chrio ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5547.htm - 7k
... << 3322, 3323. yitshar. 3324 >>. fresh oil. Transliteration: yitshar Phonetic
Spelling: (yits-hawr') Short Definition: oil. Word Origin ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/3323.htm - 6k
4887. meshach -- oil
... << 4886, 4887. meshach. 4888 >>. oil. Transliteration: meshach Phonetic Spelling:
(mesh-akh') Short Definition: oil. Word Origin (Aramaic ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/4887.htm - 6k
6671. tsahar -- to press out oil
... << 6670b, 6671. tsahar. 6672 >>. to press out oil. Transliteration: tsahar
Phonetic Spelling: (tsaw-har') Short Definition: oil. Word ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/6671.htm - 6k
8081. shemen -- fat, oil
... << 8080, 8081. shemen. 8082 >>. fat, oil. Transliteration: shemen Phonetic
Spelling: (sheh'-men) Short Definition: oil. Word Origin from ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/8081.htm - 6k
7021. qiqayon -- (a plant) perhaps castor-oil plant
... << 7020, 7021. qiqayon. 7022 >>. (a plant) perhaps castor-oil plant. Transliteration:
qiqayon Phonetic Spelling: (kee-kaw-yone') Short Definition: plant. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/7021.htm - 6k
7543. raqach -- to mix or compound oil or ointment
... raqach. 7544 >>. to mix or compound oil or ointment. Transliteration: raqach Phonetic
Spelling: (raw-kakh') Short Definition: perfumer. Word Origin a prim. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/7543.htm - 6k
4886. mashach -- to smear, anoint
... Word Origin a prim. root Definition to smear, anoint NASB Word Usage anoint (21),
anointed (42), anointing (1), oil (1), painting (1), spread (4). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/4886.htm - 6k
3849. log -- a log (a liquid measure)
... log of oil. From an unused root apparently meaning to deepen or hollow (like kad);
a log or measure for liquids -- log (of oil). see HEBREW kad. << 3848, 3849. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/3849.htm - 6k
3795. kathith -- beaten
... Word Origin from kathath Definition beaten NASB Word Usage beaten (5). pure oil.
From kathath; beaten, ie Pure (oil): see HEBREW kathath. << 3794, 3795. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/3795.htm - 6k
1101. balal -- to mingle, mix, confuse, confound
... A primitive root; to overflow (specifically with oil.); by implication, to mix;
also (denominatively from bliyl) to fodder -- anoint, confound, X fade, mingle ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/1101.htm - 5k
When the Oil Flows
... THE FIRST BOOK OF KINGS WHEN THE OIL FLOWS. ... And he said unto her, There
is not a vessel more. And the oil stayed.'"2 Kings 4:6. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/when the oil flows.htm
Oil and Wine
... Oil and Wine. Gerhard Ter Steegen Isaiah 35:10. There is a balm for every pain,.
A medicine for all sorrow; The eye turned backward to the Cross,. ...
/.../bevan/hymns of ter steegen suso and others/oil and wine.htm
Gethsemane, the Oil-Press
... EXPOSITIONS OF HOLY SCRIPTURE; ALEXANDER MACLAREN, DD, Litt. D.; ST. MATTHEW
Chaps. XVIII to XXVIII GETHSEMANE, THE OIL-PRESS. 'Then ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture b/gethsemane the oil-press.htm
November 27. "And the Remnant of the Oil . . . Shall Pour Upon the ...
... NOVEMBER 27. "And the remnant of the oil ... shall pour upon the head" (Lev. ... 18).
"And the remnant of the oil ... shall pour upon the head" (Leviticus 14:18). ...
/.../simpson/days of heaven upon earth /november 27 and the remnant.htm
What the Oil in the Lamps Means.
... Discourse VI."Agathe. Chapter IV."What the Oil in the Lamps Means. Now
they offered, in Leviticus,  oil of this kind, "pure ...
/.../chapter iv what the oil in.htm
Whether Olive Oil is a Suitable Matter for this Sacrament?
... EXTREME UNCTION (QQ -33) Whether olive oil is a suitable matter for this
sacrament? Objection 1: It would seem that olive oil is ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether olive oil is a.htm
Whether the Oil Ought to be Consecrated?
... EXTREME UNCTION (QQ -33) Whether the oil ought to be consecrated? Objection
1: It would seem that the oil need not be consecrated. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/aquinas/summa theologica/whether the oil ought to.htm
The Meal and Cruse of Oil. 1Ki 17:16
... I KINGS Hymn 36 The meal and Cruse of oil. 1Ki 17:16. John Newton 8,6,8,6. The meal
and Cruse of oil. 1Ki 17:16. By the poor widow's oil and meal. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/newton/olney hymns/hymn 36 the meal and.htm
Thy Name is as Oil Poured Forth; Therefore have the virgins Loved ...
... COMMENTARY. CHAPTER I. 2. Thy name is as oil poured forth; therefore have
the virgins loved thee. Sensible grace, which is here ...
//christianbookshelf.org/guyon/song of songs of solomon/2 thy name is as.htm
Oil for Lamps. Matthew xxv. 1-13.
... XXVI. OIL FOR LAMPS. MATTHEW xxv. 1-13. ... II.--- We may as well be without oil as not
have enough to endure to the end. All ten lamps were at one time burning. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/champness/broken bread/xxvi oil for lamps matthew.htm