the two books; the two scribesSepharvaim
(the two Sipparas) is mentioned by Sennacherib in his letter to Hezekiah as a city whose king had been unable to resist the Assyrians. (2 Kings 19:13; Isaiah 37:13) comp. 2Kin 18:34 It is identified with the famous town of Sippara., on the Euphrates above Babylon, which was near the site of the modern Mosaib. The dual form indicates that there were two Sipparas, one on either side of the river. Berosus celled Sippara "a city of the sun;" and in the inscriptions it bears the same title, being called Tsipar sha Shamas , or "Sippara of the Sun" --the sun being the chief object of worship there. Comp. (2 Kings 17:31)Sepharvaim
When Shalmaneser king of Assyria carried away Israel from Samaria to beyond the Euphrates, he sent people in their stead into Palestine, among whom were the Sepharvaim, 2 Kings 17:24,31. That Sepharvaim was a small district under its own king, is apparent from 2 Kings 19:13; Isaiah 37:13. It may, with most probability, be assigned to Mesopotamia, because it is named along with other places in that region, and because Ptolemy mentions a city of a similar name, Sipphara, as the most southern of Mesopotamia. SEPHARVAIM
sef-ar-va'-im, se-far-va'-im (cepharwayim: Sephpharouaim, Seppharoudim, Seppharoun, Seppharoumain, Eppharouaim, Sepphareim, the first two being the forms in manuscripts Alexandrinus and Vaticanus respectively, of the passages in Kings, and the last two in Isaiah):
1. Formerly Identified with the Two Babylonian Sippars:
This city, mentioned in 2 Kings 17:24; 2 Kings 18:34; 2 Kings 19:13 Isaiah 36:19; Isaiah 37:13, is generally identified with the Sip(p)ar of the Assyrians-Babylonian inscriptions (Zimbir in Sumerian), on the Euphrates, about 16 miles Southwest of Bagdad. It was one of the two great seats of the worship of the Babylonian sun-god Samas, and also of the goddesses Ishtar and Anunit, and seems to have had two principal districts, Sippar of Samas, and Sippar of Anunit, which, if the identification were correct, would account for the dual termination -ayim, in Hebrew. This site is the modern 'Abu-Habbah, which was first excavated by the late Hormuzd Rassam in 1881, and has furnished an enormous number of inscriptions, some of them of the highest importance.
2. Difficulties of That Identification:
Besides the fact that the deities of the two cities, Sippar and Sepharvaim, are not the same, it is to be noted that in 2 Kings 19:13 the king of Sepharvaim is referred to, and, as far as is known, the Babylonian Sippar never had a king of its own, nor had Akkad, with which it is in part identified, for at least 1,200 years before Sennacherib. The fact that Babylon and Cuthah head the list of cities mentioned is no indication that Sepharvaim was a Babylonian town-the composition of the list, indeed, points the other way, for the name comes after Ava and Hamath, implying that it lay in Syria.
3. Another Suggestion:
Joseph Halevy therefore suggests (ZA, II, 401;) that it should be identified with the Sibraim of Ezekiel 47:16, between Damascus and Hamath (the dual implying a frontier town), and the same as the Sabara'in of the Babylonian Chronicle, there referred to as having been captured by Shalmaneser. As, however, Sabara'in may be read Samara'in, it is more likely to have been the Hebrew Shomeron (Samaria), as pointed out by Fried. Delitzsch.
See Schrader, The Cuneiform Inscriptions and the Old Testament, I, 71 f; Kittel on K; Dillmann-Kittel on Isaiah, at the place; HDB, under the word
T. G. Pinches
Taken by Sargon, king of Assyria (2 Kings 17:24; 18:34; 19:13; Isaiah 37:13). It was a double city, and received the common name Sepharvaim, i.e., "the two Sipparas," or "the two booktowns." The Sippara on the east bank of the Euphrates is now called Abu-Habba; that on the other bank was Accad, the old capital of Sargon I., where he established a great library. (see SARGON.) The recent discovery of cuneiform inscriptions at Tel el-Amarna in Egypt, consisting of official despatches to Pharaoh Amenophis IV. and his predecessor from their agents in Palestine, proves that in the century before the Exodus an active literary intercourse was carried on between these nations, and that the medium of the correspondence was the Babylonian language and script. (see KIRJATH-SEPHER.)
Sepharvaim (6 Occurrences)
2 Kings 17:24 The king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Avva, and from Hamath and Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel; and they possessed Samaria, and lived in the cities of it. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NIV)
2 Kings 17:31 and the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak; and the Sepharvites burnt their children in the fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS NAS NIV)
2 Kings 18:34 Where are the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah? Have they delivered Samaria out of my hand? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Kings 19:13 Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah?"'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Isaiah 36:19 Where are the gods of Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? Have they delivered Samaria from my hand? (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Isaiah 37:13 Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arpad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah?'" (WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)Sepharvaim (6 Occurrences)
... It was a double city, and received the common name Sepharvaim, ie, "the two Sipparas,"
or "the two booktowns." The Sippara on the east bank of the Euphrates is ...
biblethesaurus.com/s/sepharvaim.htm - 12k
Ivvah (3 Occurrences)
... Ivvah was a city apparently conquered by the Assyrians, and is mentioned by them,
in the verses quoted, with Hamath and Arpad, Sepharvaim and Hena. ...
biblethesaurus.com/i/ivvah.htm - 9k
Anammelech (1 Occurrence)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary One of the gods worshipped by the people of
Sepharvaim, who colonized Samaria (2 Kings 17:31). The name ...
biblethesaurus.com/a/anammelech.htm - 9k
Ivah (3 Occurrences)
... It lay on the Euphrates, between Sepharvaim and Henah, and is supposed by some to
have been the Ahava of Ezra (8:15). Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. IVAH. ...
biblethesaurus.com/i/ivah.htm - 7k
Arpad (6 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 18:34 Where are the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? Where are the gods of
Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah? ... Where are the gods of Sepharvaim? ...
biblethesaurus.com/a/arpad.htm - 10k
Sepharva'im (4 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 18:34 Where are the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? where are the gods of
Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah? ... where are the gods of Sepharvaim? ...
biblethesaurus.com/s/sepharva'im.htm - 7k
Adrammelech (3 Occurrences)
... (1.) An idol; a form of the sun-god worshipped by the inhabitants of Sepharvaim
(2 Kings 17:31), and brought by the Sepharvite colonists into Samaria. ...
biblethesaurus.com/a/adrammelech.htm - 8k
Arphad (2 Occurrences)
... where are the gods of Sepharvaim? ... Isaiah 37:13 Where is the king of Hamath, and the
king of Arphad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? ...
biblethesaurus.com/a/arphad.htm - 8k
Sephar-va'im (2 Occurrences)
... 2 Kings 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah,
and from Avva, and from Hamath and Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities ...
biblethesaurus.com/s/sephar-va'im.htm - 7k
Sephar-vaim (1 Occurrence)
Sephar-vaim. << Sepharvaim, Sephar-vaim. Sepharva'im >>. Multi-Version Concordance ...
(See NAS). << Sepharvaim, Sephar-vaim. Sepharva'im >>. Reference Bible.
biblethesaurus.com/s/sephar-vaim.htm - 6k
5616. Sepharvi -- inhab. of Sepharvaim
... inhab. of Sepharvaim. Transliteration: Sepharvi Phonetic Spelling: (sef-ar-vee')
Short Definition: Sepharvites. ... of Sepharvaim NASB Word Usage Sepharvites (1). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/5616.htm - 6k
5617. Sepharvayim -- a city conquered by the king of Assyr.
... Transliteration: Sepharvayim or Sepharim Phonetic Spelling: (sef-ar-vah'-yim) Short
Definition: Sepharvaim. ... NASB Word Usage Sephar-vaim (1), Sepharvaim (5). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/5617.htm - 6k
Deliverance from Assyria
... Assyria? Where are the gods of Hamath and Arphad? where are the gods of
Sepharvaim? and have they delivered Samaria out of my hand? ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 30 deliverance from assyria.htm
Babylonia and Assyria
... of Babylon were Kish (El-Hymar) and Kutha (Tel-Ibrahim); somewhat to the north of
it, and on the banks of the Euphrates, was Sippara or Sepharvaim, whose temple ...
/.../early israel and the surrounding nations/chapter vi babylonia and assyria.htm
We Arrive Now at a Branch of Our Subject Upon which the Lord's ...
... Haddan, of whom it is said, "And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and
from Cutthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed ...
//christianbookshelf.org/pink/the antichrist/we arrive now at a.htm
The Woman of Samaria
... idolatry, and made gods of their own, and some of them even burnt their children
in the fire, to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim, from which ...
/.../kingsley/town and country sermons/sermon xxvi the woman of.htm
... If the Sepharvites had stopped at Sepharvaim they would never have thought of fearing
Jehovah; if the men of Babylon had continued to live in Babylon they ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 27 1881/mongrel religion.htm
Order and Argument in Prayer
... It is full of blasphemy, will that help him? "Where are the gods of Arphad and
Sepharvaim? Where are the gods of the cities which I have overthrown? ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 12 1866/order and argument in prayer.htm
Sennacherib (705-681 BC )
... Where is the King of Hamath, and the King of Arpad, and the King of the city of
Sepharvaim, of Hena, and Ivvah?" Hezekiah, having received this letter of ...
/.../chapter isennacherib 705-681 b c.htm
Tiglath-Pileser iii. And the Organisation of the Assyrian Empire ...
History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 7. << << <. ...
/.../chapter iitiglath-pileser iii and the.htm