Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him. And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his MANTLE, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven. (Job 2:11-12)
the word employed in the Authorized Version to translate no less than four Hebrew terms, entirely distinct and independent in both derivation and meaning.
- (Judges 4:18) the garment with which Jael covered Sisera.
- Rendered "mantle" in (1 Samuel 15:27; 28:14; Ezra 9:3,5) etc. This word is in other passages of the Authorized Version rendered "coat," "cloak" and "robe."
- (Isaiah 3:22) only. Apparently some article of a lady's dress.
- (1 Kings 19:13,19; 2 Kings 2:8,13,14) The sole garment of the prophet Elijah. It was probably of sheepskin, such as is worn by the modern dervishes.
See GARMENTS. BABYLONISH MANTLE
man'-tl (the King James Version Babylonish Garment): One of the articles taken by Achan from the spoil of Jericho (Joshua 7:21). In the Hebrew "a mantle of Shinar." Entirely gratuitous is the suggested correction of Shinar to se`ar, making "a hairy mantle." The Greek has psilen poikilen, which Josephus apparently understood to mean "a royal garment all woven out of gold" (Ant., V, i, 10). The Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) calls it a "scarlet pallium," and some of the rabbinical traditions make it a purple robe. Such classical writers as Pliny and Martial speak of the weaving of embroidered stuffs as a famous industry of Babylonia. Many tablets that have been deciphered indicate that the industry was indeed widely extended, that its costly products were of great variety and that some of them were exported to distant markets; in fine, that the account in Joshua is characterized by great verisimilitude.
Willis J. Beecher
man'-t'-l: Used 5 times of Elijah's mantle ('addereth, 1 Kings 19:18, 19 2 Kings 2:8, 13, 14), which was probably of hair. Found in plural once (Isaiah 3:22), where it (ma`ataphoth) is an upper wide tunic with sleeves (kethoneth).
See DRESS; KERCHIEF.
(1.) Hebrews `addereth, a large over-garment. This word is used of Elijah's mantle (1 Kings 19:13, 19; 2 Kings 2:8, 13, etc.), which was probably a sheepskin. It appears to have been his only garment, a strip of skin or leather binding it to his loins. 'Addereth twice occurs with the epithet "hairy" (Genesis 25:25; Zechariah 13:4, R.V.). It is the word denoting the "goodly Babylonish garment" which Achan coveted (Joshua 7:21).
(2.) Hebrews me'il, frequently applied to the "robe of the ephod" (Exodus 28:4, 31; Leviticus 8:7), which was a splendid under tunic wholly of blue, reaching to below the knees. It was woven without seam, and was put on by being drawn over the head. It was worn not only by priests but by kings (1 Samuel 24:4), prophets (15:27), and rich men (Job 1:20; 2:12). This was the "little coat" which Samuel's mother brought to him from year to year to Shiloh (1 Samuel 2:19), a miniature of the official priestly robe.
(3.) Semikah, "a rug," the garment which Jael threw as a covering over Sisera (Judges 4:18). The Hebrew word occurs nowhere else in Scripture.
(4.) Maataphoth, plural, only in Isaiah 3:22, denoting a large exterior tunic worn by females. (see DRESS.)
1. (n.) A loose garment to be worn over other garments; an enveloping robe; a cloak. Hence, figuratively, a covering or concealing envelope.
2. (n.) Same as Mantling.
3. (n.) The external fold, or folds, of the soft, exterior membrane of the body of a mollusk. It usually forms a cavity inclosing the gills. See
4. (n.) Any free, outer membrane.
5. (n.) The back of a bird together with the folded wings.
6. (n.) A mantel. See Mantel.
7. (n.) The outer wall and casing of a blast furnace, above the hearth.
8. (n.) A penstock for a water wheel.
9. (v. t.) To cover or envelop, as with a mantle; to cloak; to hide; to disguise.
10. (v. i.) To unfold and spread out the wings, like a mantle; -- said of hawks. Also used figuratively.
11. (v. i.) To spread out; -- said of wings.
12. (v. i.) To spread over the surface as a covering; to overspread; as, the scum mantled on the pool.
13. (v. i.) To gather, assume, or take on, a covering, as froth, scum, etc.Mantle (35 Occurrences)
Matthew 24:18 Let him who is in the field not return back to get his clothes. (See RSV)
Mark 10:50 He, casting away his cloak, sprang up, and came to Jesus. (See RSV)
Mark 13:16 Let him who is in the field not return back to take his cloak. (See RSV)
Luke 6:29 and to him smiting thee upon the cheek, give also the other, and from him taking away from thee the mantle, also the coat thou mayest not keep back. (YLT)
Luke 22:36 Then said he to them, 'But, now, he who is having a bag, let him take 'it' up, and in like manner also a scrip; and he who is not having, let him sell his garment, and buy a sword, (See RSV)
Acts 12:8 The angel said to him, "Get dressed and put on your sandals." He did so. He said to him, "Put on your cloak, and follow me." (See RSV)
Hebrews 1:12 As a mantle, you will roll them up, and they will be changed; but you are the same. Your years will not fail." (WEB WEY ASV YLT NAS RSV)
Genesis 25:25 And the first came forth red, all over like a hairy garment. And they called his name Esau. (See JPS RSV)
Exodus 22:27 for that is his only covering, it is his garment for his skin. What would he sleep in? It will happen, when he cries to me, that I will hear, for I am gracious. (See RSV)
Joshua 7:21 when I saw among the spoil a goodly Babylonish mantle, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight, then I coveted them, and took them; and, behold, they are hid in the earth in the midst of my tent, and the silver under it. (ASV DBY JPS NAS RSV)
Joshua 7:24 And Joshua, and all Israel with him, took Achan the son of Zerah, and the silver, and the mantle, and the wedge of gold, and his sons, and his daughters, and his oxen, and his asses, and his sheep, and his tent, and all that he had: and they brought them up unto the valley of Achor. (ASV DBY JPS NAS RSV)
Judges 4:18 And Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said unto him, Turn in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not. And when he had turned in unto her into the tent, she covered him with a mantle. (KJV WBS)
Ruth 3:15 He said, "Bring the mantle that is on you, and hold it." She held it; and he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her; and he went into the city. (WEB JPS ASV RSV)
1 Samuel 15:27 And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold upon the skirt of his mantle, and it rent. (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Samuel 28:14 And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself. (KJV DBY WBS)
1 Kings 19:13 It was so, when Elijah heard it, that he wrapped his face in his mantle, and went out, and stood in the entrance of the cave. Behold, a voice came to him, and said, "What are you doing here, Elijah?" (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
1 Kings 19:19 So he departed there, and found Elisha the son of Shaphat, who was plowing, with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he with the twelfth: and Elijah passed over to him, and cast his mantle on him. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
2 Kings 2:8 Elijah took his mantle, and wrapped it together, and struck the waters, and they were divided here and there, so that they two went over on dry ground. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
2 Kings 2:13 He took up also the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and went back, and stood by the bank of the Jordan. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
2 Kings 2:14 He took the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and struck the waters, and said, "Where is Yahweh, the God of Elijah?" When he also had struck the waters, they were divided here and there; and Elisha went over. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS NAS RSV)
Ezra 9:3 And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down astonied. (KJV JPS DBY WBS RSV)
Ezra 9:5 And at the evening sacrifice I arose up from my heaviness; and having rent my garment and my mantle, I fell upon my knees, and spread out my hands unto the LORD my God, (KJV JPS DBY WBS RSV)
Esther 8:15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a mantle of byssus and purple; and the city of Shushan shouted and was glad. (DBY RSV)
Job 1:20 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped, (KJV JPS DBY WBS)
Job 2:12 And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven. (KJV JPS DBY WBS)
Job 29:14 I put on righteousness, and it clothed me; my justice was as a mantle and a turban. (DBY)
Psalms 89:45 You have shortened the days of his youth. You have covered him with shame. Selah. (See NIV)
Psalms 109:29 Let mine adversaries be clothed with shame, and let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a mantle. (KJV DBY WBS RSV)
Song of Songs 5:7 The watchmen that go about the city found me, They smote me, they wounded me; The keepers of the walls took away my mantle from me. (ASV JPS RSV)
Isaiah 3:6 When a man shall take hold of his brother in the house of his father,'saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand; (See JPS RSV)
Isaiah 3:7 in that day shall he lift up his voice, saying, I will not be a healer; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing: ye shall not make me ruler of the people. (See JPS RSV)
Isaiah 59:17 He put on righteousness as a breastplate, and a helmet of salvation on his head; and he put on garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a mantle. (WEB ASV NAS RSV)
Isaiah 61:3 to appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them a garland for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they may be called trees of righteousness, the planting of Jehovah, that he may be glorified. (See JPS NAS RSV)
Micah 2:8 But of late my people is risen up as an enemy: ye strip off the mantle with the garment from them that pass by securely, that are averse from war. (DBY JPS)
Zechariah 13:4 It will happen in that day, that the prophets will each be ashamed of his vision, when he prophesies; neither will they wear a hairy mantle to deceive: (WEB JPS ASV DBY RSV)Mantle (35 Occurrences)
... This word is used of Elijah's mantle (1 Kings 19:13, 19; 2 Kings 2:8, 13, etc.),
which was probably a sheepskin. ... Standard Bible Encyclopedia. BABYLONISH MANTLE. ...
biblethesaurus.com/m/mantle.htm - 21k
Veil (67 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary (1.) Hebrews mitpahath (Ruth 3:15; marg., "sheet" or
"apron;" RV, "mantle"). ... (6.) Radhidh (Cant. 5:7, RV "mantle;Isaiah 3:23). ...
biblethesaurus.com/v/veil.htm - 35k
Babylonish (1 Occurrence)
... BABYLONISH GARMENT. bab-i-lo'-nish gar'ment: In the King James Version, Joshua
7:21, for BABYLONISH MANTLE, which see. BABYLONISH MANTLE. ...
biblethesaurus.com/b/babylonish.htm - 8k
Cloak (73 Occurrences)
... The word so rendered is elsewhere rendered "robe" or "mantle." It was worn by the
high priest under the ephod (Exodus 28:31), by kings and others of rank (1 ...
biblethesaurus.com/c/cloak.htm - 30k
Rent (76 Occurrences)
... (KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS YLT RSV). 1 Samuel 15:27 And as Samuel turned about to go
away, he laid hold upon the skirt of his mantle, and it rent. ...
biblethesaurus.com/r/rent.htm - 32k
Vail (44 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary (1.) Hebrews mitpahath (Ruth 3:15; marg., "sheet" or
"apron;" RV, "mantle"). ... (6.) Radhidh (Cant. 5:7, RV "mantle;Isaiah 3:23). ...
biblethesaurus.com/v/vail.htm - 22k
Eli'sha (52 Occurrences)
... the son of Shaphat, who was plowing, with twelve yoke of oxen before him, and he
with the twelfth; and Elijah passed over unto him, and cast his mantle upon him ...
biblethesaurus.com/e/eli'sha.htm - 22k
Pearl (5 Occurrences)
... 3. (n.) A shelly concretion, usually rounded, and having a brilliant luster, with
varying tints, found in the mantle, or between the mantle and shell, of ...
biblethesaurus.com/p/pearl.htm - 10k
Breeches (6 Occurrences)
... In both these senses the word may be originally Persian: in that of mantle, meaning
properly (according to Andreas) a "head-covering" (sarabara), for which in ...
biblethesaurus.com/b/breeches.htm - 12k
Cloke (7 Occurrences)
... In size and material the "cloak" differed according to age and sex, class and
occupation, but in shape it was like our mantle or shawl. ...
biblethesaurus.com/c/cloke.htm - 10k
4018. peribolaion -- that which is thrown around, a covering
... a covering. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: peribolaion Phonetic Spelling:
(per-ib-ol'-ah-yon) Short Definition: a wrapper, mantle, veil Definition ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4018.htm - 6k
5341. phelones -- cloak. 4594. maateh -- a wrap, mantle
... Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: phelones Phonetic Spelling:
(fel-on'-ace) Short Definition: a mantle, cloak Definition: a mantle, cloak. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5341.htm - 6k
... << 4593, 4594. maateh. 4595 >>. a wrap, mantle. Transliteration: maateh Phonetic
Spelling: (mah-at-eh') Short Definition: mantle. Word ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/4594.htm - 6k
8071. simlah -- a wrapper, mantle
... << 8070, 8071. simlah. 8072 >>. a wrapper, mantle. Transliteration: simlah
Phonetic Spelling: (sim-law') Short Definition: clothes. Word ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/8071.htm - 6k
145. eder -- glory, magnificence, a mantle, cloak
... << 144, 145. eder. 146 >>. glory, magnificence, a mantle, cloak. Transliteration:
eder Phonetic Spelling: (eh'-der) Short Definition: magnificent. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/145.htm - 6k
8008. salmah -- a wrapper, mantle
... << 8007, 8008. salmah. 8009 >>. a wrapper, mantle. Transliteration: salmah
Phonetic Spelling: (sal-maw') Short Definition: clothes. Word ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/8008.htm - 6k
5622. sarbal -- probably a mantle
... << 5621, 5622. sarbal. 5623 >>. probably a mantle. Transliteration: sarbal
Phonetic Spelling: (sar-bal') Short Definition: trousers. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/5622.htm - 5k
155. addereth -- glory, a cloak
... addereth. 156 >>. glory, a cloak. Transliteration: addereth Phonetic Spelling:
(ad-deh'-reth) Short Definition: mantle. ... garment, glory, goodly, mantle, robe. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/155.htm - 6k
4598. meil -- a robe
... robe. Word Origin from maal Definition a robe NASB Word Usage mantle (1),
robe (23), robes (2). cloak, coat, mantle, robe. From ma ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/4598.htm - 6k
4595. maataphah -- an overtunic
... Word Origin from ataph Definition an overtunic NASB Word Usage outer tunics (1).
mantle. From ataph; a cloak -- mantle. see HEBREW ataph. << 4594, 4595. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/4595.htm - 6k
8063. semikah -- perhaps rug, thick coverlet
... mantle. From camak; a run (as sustaining the Oriental sitter) -- mantle. see HEBREW
camak. << 8062, 8063. semikah. 8064 >>. Strong's Numbers.
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/8063.htm - 6k
4254. machalatsah -- robe of state
... changeable suit of apparel, change of raiment. From chalats; a mantle (as easily
drawn off) -- changeable suit of apparel, change of raiment. see HEBREW chalats ...
//strongsnumbers.com/hebrew2/4254.htm - 6k
Elijah's Mantle. 2Ki 51:11-14
... HYMNS before annual Sermons to young people, on new-years evenings. Hymn 19 ELIJAH's
mantle. 2Ki 51:11-14. John Newton 8,8,8,8. ELIJAH's mantle. 2Ki 51:11-14. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/newton/olney hymns/hymn 19 elijahs mantle 2ki.htm
The Mantle of Elijah
... THE OLD TESTAMENT THE MANTLE OF ELIJAH. When Jehovah took up ... tore them in
two. Then he took up the mantle that had fallen from Elijah. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/the mantle of elijah.htm
Virtues of the Mantle. It Pleads in Its Own Defence.
... Chapter V."Virtues of the Mantle. ... "Still," say you, "must we thus change from
gown  to Mantle?" Why, what if from diadem and sceptre? ...
/.../tertullian/on the pallium/chapter v virtues of the mantle.htm
The Seventh Chapter: Grace must be Hidden under the Mantle of ...
... BOOK THREE. INTERNAL CONSOLATION The Seventh Chapter: Grace Must Be Hidden
Under the Mantle of Humility. The Voice of Christ IT IS ...
/.../kempis/the imitation of christ/the seventh chapter grace must.htm
Gentleness Succeeding Strength
... 'He took up also the mantle of Elijah that fell from him, and went back,
and stood by the bank of Jordan; 14. And he took the mantle ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/gentleness succeeding strength.htm
Further Distinctions, and Crowning Glory, of the Pallium.
... Grand is the benefit conferred by the Mantle, at the thought whereof moral
improbity absolutely blushes. ... Joy, Mantle, and exult! ...
/.../tertullian/on the pallium/chapter vi further distinctions and crowning.htm
Time Changes Nations' Dresses --And Fortunes.
... The garment of the mantle extrinsically"itself too quadrangular"thrown back on either
shoulder, and meeting closely round the neck in the gripe of the ...
/.../tertullian/on the pallium/chapter i time changes nations dressesand.htm
Elijah and the Widow's Son.
... So the wild prophet Elijah, with his sheepskin cape or mantle on his shoulders,
fled away to the lonely country of rocks and bushes, wild beasts and robbers. ...
/.../anonymous/children of the old testament/elijah and the widows son.htm
The Story of St. Ursula
... earth ever saw. She came into the world wrapped in a hairy mantle, and all
men wondered greatly what this might mean. Then the King ...
//christianbookshelf.org/ruskin/saint ursula/i the story of st.htm
Change not Always Improvement.
... thievishly? A prodigy it is, that all this should be done without the Mantle!
To the Mantle appertains this whole Asiatic practice! ...
/.../tertullian/on the pallium/chapter iv change not always improvement.htm