(trouble) signifies in the New Testament a Roman province which included the whole of the Peloponnesus and the greater part of Hellas proper, with the adjacent islands. This province, with that of Macedonia, comprehended the while of Greece; hence Achaia and Macedonia are frequently mentioned together in the New Testament to indicate all Greece. (Acts 18:12; 19:21; Romans 15:26; 16:5; 1 Corinthians 16:15; 2 Corinthians 7:5; 9:2; 11:10; 1 Thessalonians 1:7,8) In the time of the emperor Claudius it was governed by a proconsul, translated in the Authorized Version "deputy," of Achaia. (Acts 18:12)Achaia
Is used in the New Testament for the whole region of Greece south of Macedonia, including the Peloponnesus, or Morea, and some territory north of the gulf of Corinth, Acts 18:12; 19:21; 1 1 Corinthians 11:10. Achaia Proper, however, was a province of Greece, of which Corinth was the capital, and embraced the northwestern part of the Pelopennesus. See GREECE. ACHAIA
a-ka'-ya (Achaia): The smallest country in the Peloponnesus lying along the southern shore of the Corinthian Gulf, north of Arcadia and east of Elis. The original inhabitants were Ionians, but these were crowded out later by the Acheans, who came from the East. According to Herodotus, the former founded twelve cities, many of which retain their original names to this day. These cities were on the coast and formed a confederation of smaller communities, which in the last century of the independent history of Greece attained to great importance (Achaean League). In Roman times the term Achaia was used to include the whole of Greece, exclusive of Thessaly. Today Achaia forms with Elis one district, and contains a population of nearly a quarter of a million. The old Achean League was renewed in 280 B.C., but became more important in 251, when Aratus of Sicyon was chosen commander-in-chief. This great man increased the power of the League and gave it an excellent constitution, which our own great practical politicians, Hamilton and Madison, consulted, adopting many of its prominent devices, when they set about framing the Constitution of the United States. In 146 B.C. Corinth was destroyed and the League broken up (see 1 Maccabees 15:23); and the whole of Greece, under the name of Achaia, was transformed into a Roman province, which was divided into two separate provinces, Macedonia and Achaia, in 27 B.C.
In Acts 18:12 we are told that the Jews in Corinth made insurrection against Paul when Gallio was deputy of Achaia, and in 18:27 that Apollos was making preparations to set out for Achaia In Romans 16:5, "Achaia" should read "ASIA" as in the Revised Version (British and American). In Acts 20:2 "Greece" means Achaia, but the oft-mentioned "Macedonia and Achaia" generally means the whole of Greece (Acts 19:21 Romans 15:26 1 Thessalonians 1:8). Paul commends the churches of Achaia for their liberality (2 Corinthians 9:13).
See Gerhard, Ueber den Volksstamm der A. (Berlin, 1854); Klatt, Forschungen zur Geschichte des achaischen Bundes (Berlin, 1877); M. Dubois, Les ligues etolienne et acheenne (Paris, 1855); Capes, History of the Achean League (London, 1888); Mahaffy, Problems, 177-86; Busolt, Greek Staatsalter, 2nd edition (1892), 347; Toeppfer, in Pauly's Realencyclopaedie.
For Aratus see Hermann, Staatsalter, 1885; Krakauer, Abhandlung ueber Aratus (Breslau, 1874); Neumeyer, Aratus aus Sikyon (Leipzig, 1886); Holm, History of Greece.
J. E. Harry
The name originally of a narrow strip of territory in Greece, on the north-west of the Peloponnesus. Subsequently it was applied by the Romans to the whole Peloponnesus, now called the Morea, and the south of Greece. It was then one of the two provinces (Macedonia being the other) into which they divided the country when it fell under their dominion. It is in this latter enlarged meaning that the name is always used in the New Testament (Acts 18:12, 27; 19:21; Romans 15:26; 16:5, etc.). It was at the time when Luke wrote the Acts of the Apostles under the proconsular form of government; hence the appropriate title given to Gallio as the "deputy," i.e., proconsul, of Achaia (Acts 18:12).
Achaia (11 Occurrences)
Acts 18:12 But when Gallio was proconsul of Achaia, the Jews with one accord rose up against Paul and brought him before the judgment seat, (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Acts 18:27 When he had determined to pass over into Achaia, the brothers encouraged him, and wrote to the disciples to receive him. When he had come, he greatly helped those who had believed through grace; (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Acts 19:21 Now after these things had ended, Paul determined in the spirit, when he had passed through Macedonia and Achaia, to go to Jerusalem, saying, "After I have been there, I must also see Rome." (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Romans 15:26 For it has been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor among the saints who are at Jerusalem. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
Romans 16:5 Greet the assembly that is in their house. Greet Epaenetus, my beloved, who is the first fruits of Achaia to Christ. (WEB KJV WBS YLT)
1 Corinthians 16:15 Now I beg you, brothers (you know the house of Stephanas, that it is the first fruits of Achaia, and that they have set themselves to serve the saints), (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Corinthians 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, to the assembly of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints who are in the whole of Achaia: (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Corinthians 9:2 for I know your readiness, of which I boast on your behalf to them of Macedonia, that Achaia has been prepared for a year past. Your zeal has stirred up very many of them. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
2 Corinthians 11:10 As the truth of Christ is in me, no one will stop me from this boasting in the regions of Achaia. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Thessalonians 1:7 so that you became an example to all who believe in Macedonia and in Achaia. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)
1 Thessalonians 1:8 For from you the word of the Lord has been declared, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every place your faith toward God has gone out; so that we need not to say anything. (WEB KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)Achaia (11 Occurrences)
... Acts of the Apostles under the proconsular form of government; hence the appropriate
title given to Gallio as the "deputy," ie, proconsul, of Achaia (Acts 18:12 ...
biblethesaurus.com/a/achaia.htm - 13k
Acha'ia (10 Occurrences)
Acha'ia. << Achaia, Acha'ia. Achaichus >>. Multi-Version Concordance
Acha'ia (10 Occurrences). Acts 18:12 And Gallio being proconsul ...
biblethesaurus.com/a/acha'ia.htm - 9k
Gallio (3 Occurrences)
... He was "deputy", ie, proconsul, as in Revised Version, of Achaia, under the
emperor Claudius, when Paul visited Corinth (Acts 18:12). ...
biblethesaurus.com/g/gallio.htm - 10k
Macedo'nia (20 Occurrences)
... Acts 19:21 And when these things were fulfilled, Paul purposed in the Spirit, having
gone through Macedonia and Achaia, to go on to Jerusalem, saying -- 'After ...
biblethesaurus.com/m/macedo'nia.htm - 11k
Apollos (11 Occurrences)
... Upon receiving further instruction from Priscilla and Aquila (Acts 18:26), Apollos
extended his mission to Achaia, being encouraged thereto by the brethren of ...
biblethesaurus.com/a/apollos.htm - 16k
Epaenetus (1 Occurrence)
... Commendable, a Christian at Rome to whom Paul sent his salutation (Romans 16:5).
He is spoken of as "the first fruits of Achaia" (RV, "of Asia", ie, of ...
biblethesaurus.com/e/epaenetus.htm - 8k
Galatia (6 Occurrences)
... looked forward from Asia to Rome (Acts 19:21), aimed at imperial conquest and marched
across the Empire from province to province (Macedonia, Achaia, Asia are ...
biblethesaurus.com/g/galatia.htm - 23k
Corinth (13 Occurrences)
... freedmen from Rome. It became under the Romans the seat of government for
Southern Greece or Achaia (Acts 18:12-16). It was noted ...
biblethesaurus.com/c/corinth.htm - 21k
Saints (117 Occurrences)
... Romans 15:26 For it has been the good pleasure of Macedonia and Achaia to make a
certain contribution for the poor among the saints who are at Jerusalem. ...
biblethesaurus.com/s/saints.htm - 39k
Fruits (109 Occurrences)
... Romans 16:5 Greet the assembly that is in their house. Greet Epaenetus, my beloved,
who is the first fruits of Achaia to Christ. (WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS). ...
biblethesaurus.com/f/fruits.htm - 37k
882. Achaia -- Achaia, a Roman province incl. most of Greece
... << 881, 882. Achaia. 883 >>. Achaia, a Roman province incl. most of Greece. Part
of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: Achaia Phonetic ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/882.htm - 6k
3533. Nikopolis -- "victorious city," Nicopolis, a city in Achaia
... << 3532, 3533. Nikopolis. 3534 >>. "victorious city," Nicopolis, a city in Achaia.
Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: Nikopolis Phonetic Spelling: ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3533.htm - 6k
883. Achaikos -- "an Achaian," Achaicus, a Christian at Corinth
... Word Origin from Achaia Definition "an Achaian," Achaicus, a Christian at Corinth
NASB Word Usage Achaicus (1). Achaicus. ... see GREEK Achaia. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/883.htm - 6k
3109. Makedonia -- Macedonia, a region of Greece
... Makedonia Phonetic Spelling: (mak-ed-on-ee'-ah) Short Definition: Macedonia Definition:
(Hebrew), Macedonia, a Roman province north of Achaia (Greece). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3109.htm - 6k
2882. Korinthos -- Corinth, a city of Greece
... Korinthos Phonetic Spelling: (kor'-in-thos) Short Definition: Corinth Definition:
Corinth, in north-east Peloponnese, the capital of the Roman province Achaia. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2882.htm - 6k
1058. Gallion -- Gallio, proconsul of Asia
... into another family, but was born brother of the philosopher Seneca and originally
named L. Annaeus Nouatus; proconsul of the Roman province Achaia from spring ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1058.htm - 6k
On Bk. vi. Chap. 23, 4 (Note 6). Origen's visit to Achaia.
... Supplementary Notes and Tables. On Bk. VI. chap. 23, 4 (note 6). Origen's
Visit to Achaia. Eusebius gives as the cause of Origen's ...
//christianbookshelf.org/pamphilius/church history/on bk vi chap 23.htm
Additional Note on Apol. C. Arianos, 50.
... specified above.1. Adolius (1), See unknown; 2. Aetius (1, 3), Thessalonica in
Macedonia; 3. Alexander (1, 4), Cypara (ie Cyparissus?) in Achaia; 4. Alexander ...
/.../athanasius/select works and letters or athanasius/additional note on apol c.htm
1 Thessalonians i. 10-Aug
... Homily II. 1 Thessalonians i. 8-10. 1 Thessalonians i.8-10 "For from you hath sounded
forth the word of the Lord, not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in ...
/.../homily ii 1 thessalonians i.htm
Rom. xvi. 5
... Homily XXXI. Rom. XVI. 5. Rom. XVI.5 "Salute my well-beloved Epenetus, who
is the first-fruits of Achaia unto Christ.". I Think that ...
/.../chrysostom/homilies on acts and romans/homily xxxi rom xvi 5.htm
The Epistles of Paul
... Catholic Epistles, by combining internal indications with the Acts and contemporary
events, such as the dates of the proconsulship of Gallio in Achaia, and the ...
/.../schaff/history of the christian church volume i/section 88 the epistles of.htm
2 Cor. I. 1, 4
... through the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the Church of God, which
is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in the whole of Achaia: grace to ...
/.../homilies on the epistles of paul to the corinthians/homily i 2 cor i.htm
Acts xviii. 18
... And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren wrote, exhorting the
disciples to receive him; who, when he was come, helped them much which had ...
/.../chrysostom/homilies on acts and romans/homily xl acts xviii 18.htm
The Spiced Wine of My Pomegranate;
... When, in our English version, we read, "For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and
Achaia to make a certain contribution for the poor saints which are at ...
//christianbookshelf.org/spurgeon/till he come/the spiced wine of my.htm
The Thessalonian Letters
... Ghost." The apostle declared that in their faithfulness in following the Lord they
were "ensamples to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia." These words of ...
/.../white/the acts of the apostles/lesson 25 the thessalonian letters.htm
Rom. xv. 25-27
... saints. For it has pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain
contribution for the poor saints which are at Jerusalem. ...
/.../chrysostom/homilies on acts and romans/homily xxx rom xv 25-27.htm